Reviews on the Temporal Design for Three Stages of Human Life. Most unlikely "Time is money," but "Time is life."
It has been discussed that auditory and visual sensations, in terms of the temporal and spatial factors, are associated with the left and the right human cerebral hemispheres, respectively (Ando, Auditory and Visual Sensations, to be published). The purpose of this paper is to apply this type of concept to general environmental design. An approach is made here, emphasizing the temporal design in architecture and in the environment. All healthy ideas, creations, and discoveries that have contributed to human life for thousands of years, have been based on the unique personality of the individual. Therefore, it is highly recommended that the environment be designed for three parallel stages of time, 1. the time of body, 2. the time of mind, and 3. the time of creation based on a unique personality. A well-designed environment would be a meeting place for the arts and sciences associated with both hemispheres, and in turn, might help further the discovery of the individual's personality as a minimum unit of society. A typical example can be seen in the Kirishima International Music Hall, which opened in 1994. The acoustic design together with the seat selection system is made to the subjective preference judgments of each individual [Ando, Architectural Acoustics, Blending Sound Sources, Sound Fields, and Listeners, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998]. Similarly, to develop a healthy personality in children, temporal and spatial design should be considered in their environment because such an environment is an essential element for the development of the brain through the temporal and spatial information it receives. To activate both cerebral hemispheres for finding individual personality, a creative working space (CWS) in the home plays an important role [Bosworth and Ando, Journal of Temporal Design in Architecture and the Environment, 6, 18-25, 2006]. In addition, through the internet and company information systems, employees can work and study from home, thus realizing the maximum effects with the minimum of effort for both time and energy. Development of the left and right cerebral hemispheres begins in the early stages of pregnancy even before the development of the arms and legs. Therefore, the environments associated with the development of the brain, such as museums, libraries, opera houses and concert halls should be constructed during the early stages of a new city. It is worth noticing that environmental noise, for example, critically affects the development of specialization in both hemispheres [Ando, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 241, 129-140, 2001].
Key words: development of cerebral hemispheres, design theory of environment, temporal and spatial factors, design studies of concert hall, creative work space (CWS)